Praxeology as an answer to problems in the philosophy of science

  • Lucas Freire Mackenzie
Keywords: praxeology, economic methodology, philosophy of science, Ludwig von Mises, empiricism

Abstract

The general aim of this article is to study how praxeology deals with issues related to the empiricist character of inductivism, logical positivism and falsifiability in the philosophy of Science. A secondary goal is to analyze these approaches based on the discussion that has been taking place in the philosophy of science for decades. Another secondary aim is to popularize the praxeological approach in economics. Praxeology proposes an alternative for economic science – a reply to several problems in the philosophy of science views that have inspired mainstream economics for a long time. It is worthy of consideration on the part of scholars in the field not because it is immune to any kind of criticism, but rather because of its role in the methodological debate, which begs for more careful attention on the part of economists, and, mainly, due to the new issues it has raised.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

BLAUG, Mark. Metodologia da Economia: ou como os economistas explicam. 2. ed. São Paulo: Edusp, 1999. 385p.

CALDWELL, Bruce J. Beyond Positivism: economic methodology in the twentieth century. 2. ed. London: Routledge, 1994 [1982]. 279 p.

CHALMERS, Alan F. O que é Ciência, Afinal? São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1993.

FEIJÓ, Ricardo. Economia e Filosofia na Escola Austríaca: Menger, Mises e Hayek. 1. ed. São Paulo: Nobel, 2000. 216 p.

FREIRE, Lucas G. A praxeologia e a escola austríaca: uma análise introdutória, Revista Multiface, n. 1,p. 15-19, 2007.

GORDON, David. The philosophical contributions of Ludwig von Mises, The Review of Austrian Economics, v. 7, n. 1, p. 95-106, 1994.

HACKING, Ian. Positivism. In: HACKING, Ian. Representing and Intervening: introductory topics in the philosophy of natural science. 1. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

HAYEK, Friedrich August von. Desemprego e Política Monetária. 1.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Liberal, 1985. 80 p.

HOPPE, Hans-Hermann. On the ultimate justification of the ethics of private property. In: HOPPE, HansHermann. The Economics and Ethics of Private Property: studies in political economy and philosophy. 1. ed. [s.l.]: Kluwer, 1993.

HUME, David. Investigação Sobre o Conhecimento Humano. São Paulo: Abril Cultural, 1996 [1777].

KANT, Immanuel. Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. 2. ed. Königsberg: [s.n.], 1787. Disponível em: http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/kant/krvb/krvb.htm. Acesso em: 4/12/2006.

KELLER, Vicente; BASTOS, Cleverson L. Aprendendo Lógica. 13.ed. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2004. 179p.

KUHN, Thomas S. A Estrutura das Revoluções Científicas. 7. ed. São Paulo: Perspectiva, 2003. 257 p.

LAKATOS, Imre. Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes. In: LAKATOS, Imre; MUSGRAVE, Alan. Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. 1. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970a.

LAKATOS, Imre. History of science and its rational reconstructions. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of

Science, n. 8, p. 91-136, 1970b.

LAKATOS, Imre. Lectures on scientific method. [1973]. In: LAKATOS, I.; FEYERABEND, P. K.; MOTTERLINI, M. (eds.) For and Against Method. 1. ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1999.

MARCONDES, Danilo. Filosofia Analítica. 1.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar, 2004. 68p.

MILL, John Stuart. A System of Logic. Londres: Longman, 1961.

MISES, Ludwig von. Epistemological Problems of Economics. 4.ed. Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2002a. Disponível em: http://www.mises.org/epofe.asp. Acesso em: 4/12/2006.

MISES, Ludwig von. The Ultimate Foundation of Economic Science: an essay on method. 2.ed. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2006. 124 p.

POPPER, Karl R. A Lógica da Pesquisa Científica. 17. ed. São Paulo: Cultrix, 2004 [1972a]. 567 p.

POPPER, Karl R. Conhecimento conjectural: minha solução para o problema da indução [1972c]. In: POPPER, Karl R. Conhecimento Objetivo: uma abordagem evolucionária. Belo Horizonte: Itatiaia, 1999 [1972b].

POPPER, Karl R. Ciência: conjecturas e refutações. In: POPPER, Karl R. Conjecturas e Refutações: pensamento científico. 1. ed. Brasília: UnB, 1994 [1963].

POPPER, Karl R. Duas faces do senso comum: argumento a favor do realismo de senso comum e contra a teoria de senso comum do conhecimento [1970]. In: POPPER, Karl R. Conhecimento Objetivo: uma abordagem revolucionária. Belo Horizonte: Itatiaia, 1999 [1972b].

PRYCHITKO, David L. Praxeology. In: BOETTKE, Peter J. The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics. 1.ed. Aldershot (UK): Edward Elgar Publishing Company, 1994.

ROTHBARD, Murray Newton. O Essencial von Mises. 2.ed. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Liberal, 1988. 54 p.

ROTHBARD, Murray Newton. Praxeology: the methodology of Austrian economics. [1976]. In: ROTHBARD, Murray Newton. The Logic of Action One: method, money, and the Austrian school. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 1997.

SCHAEFFER, Francis. A Morte da Razão. São Paulo: Cultura Cristã, 2002. 111p.

SCHLICK, Moritz. Positivismo e Realismo. [1932]. In: MARICONDA, P. R. (org.) Coletânea de Textos / Moritz Schlick, Rudolf Carnap. 3.ed. São Paulo: Nova Cultural, 1988.

SELGIN, George A. Praxeology and understanding: an analysis of the controversy in Austrian economics. The Review of Austrian Economics, v.2, n.1, p.19-58, 1988.

WATKINS, John. Popper. In: NEWTON-SMITH, W. H. (ed.). A Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

YATES, Steven. What Austrian scholars should know about Logic (and why). Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, v.8, n.3, p.39-57, fall 2005.

ZANOTTI, Gabriel J. Misesian praxeology and Christian philosophy. The Journal of Markets & Morality, v.1, n.1, p.60-66, spring 1998

Published
2019-05-02
How to Cite
1.
Freire L. Praxeology as an answer to problems in the philosophy of science. MisesJournal [Internet]. 2019May2 [cited 2019Dec.6];7(1). Available from: https://misesjournal.org.br/misesjournal/article/view/943
Section
Original Research Articles